IBD means Inflammatory Bowel Disease; it involves all kinds of problems related to intestines. In fact, the digestive system is formed by mouth, food canal, stomach, small intestines, and intestines. Being an IBD means that some or all of these organs have some kind of problem. Pain anywhere on the digestive tract upsets this normal process. IBD can be very uncomfortable and disruptive, and sometimes, it may also give a threat to your life.
In the inflammatory bowel disease, there is long-term swelling in the digestive tract.
Kinds of Inflammatory Bowel Disease:
Inflammatory Bowel Disease generally categorised as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. In these two diseases, usually symptoms of severe diarrhea, pain, fatigue, and rapid weight loss are seen. Inflammatory Bowel Disease can be less active in many cases, but sometimes it can also be a threat to our life.
- Crohn’s Disease: It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, which causes chronic inflammation and ulcers in the inner intestine of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. Crohn can also be the cause of inflammation in the intestine of your digestive system. Swelling in Crohn’s disease often spreads in the affected tissues. This swelling can affect the different areas of the digestive tract – like large intestine, small intestine or both.
- Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis is the inflammation of the large intestine. It has divided into subtypes: Ulcerative proctitis, Proctosigmoiditis, Left-sided colitis, Pancolitis, and Acute severe ulcerative colitis.
Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease:
The exact reason for inflatable bowl disease is still unknown. However, genetic and immune system problems are considered to be the cause
If your parents or family have Inflammatory Bowel Disease, you may also be more likely to have it. This is the reason why specialists believe that one cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease can be inherited.
Immune System plays a crucial role in different daily activities. The immune system may also be a cause of inflammatory bowel disease. Usually, the immune system protects the body from pathogens (such organisms that cause disease and infection). When the body tries to fight the microbes, the digestive system becomes swollen. When the infection gets cured, swelling is also cured. It is a healthy reaction.
One of the leading causes of Crohn’s disease is smoking. Smoking causes the problem of such an extent that on many occasions it increases IBD pain. Not only has this, but the complexity of Crohn’s disease recovery also increased. However, patients with ulcerative colitis are different from this. Usually, ulcerative colitis affects them which do not smoke, or they have left smoking.
Use of isotretinoin:
Isotretinoin is a medicine that is sometimes, used in the treatment of acne. Some studies have indicated that this may be a risk factor for inflatable bowel disease, but so far there is no clear relationship between them.
Non-Structured anti-inflammatory drugs:
Certain medicines such as ibuprofen, naproxen sodium, diclofenac sodium, and some other medications can cause risk for inflammatory bowel disease or increase it further.
People with inflammatory bowel disease can also swell off the digestive system even when there is no infection. The immune system damages the body of its cells. This is known as an autoimmune reaction. Inflammatory bowel disease can occur even when the infection is not swollen even after the recovery. Swelling can last for months or years.
Signs of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases:
Symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease are different depending on the severity and spread of swelling. Symptoms can range from light to severe.
The following are common symptoms of both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis:
- Diarrhea – diarrhea is a general problem for people who have inflammatory bowel disease.
- Fever and Fatigue – Many people with inflammatory bowel disease experience light fever. You may feel tired or less energy.
- Blood in the stool – You may see blood in your stole, which can be dark or dark red. You may also have internal bleeding.
- Weight Loss- You may lose weight, and you may also be malnourished because you are unable to digest and absorb food properly.
- Loss of appetite – stomach aches, cramps, and swelling can affect your appetite. You may not feel hungry.
- Stomach pain and cramps – Swelling and ulcer may affect the normal functioning of your digestive system, causing pain and cramps. You can also experience nausea and vomiting.
- Puffiness in the Eye: IBD also affects your eyes. You feel puffiness around your eyes.
- Skin Disorders: The external symptoms of digestion system are also, seen in IBD such as itching in the skin, or acne, and other skin related problem.
Prevention of Inflammatory Bowel Disease:
To diagnose Inflammatory Bowel Disease, your doctor will first ask questions about your family’s medical history and your bowel movements. After this, the following physical tests can be, done such as stool and blood test, Barium anaemia, Capsule endoscopy, CT-Scan, and X-ray. CT scans are basically computerised X-rays which create a more detailed image than a normal x-ray. This helps in examining the small intestine. It can also detect the complications of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment:
- Lifestyle Change: If you have inflammatory bowel disease, then it is important to make lifestyle changes. Drinking more fluids helps in replacing your loss in your stool. Due to avoid dairy products and stressful conditions, symptoms improve. Exercise and quit smoking can improve your health.
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics are, used to kill bacteria; which can increase the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: Anti-inflammatory medicines are the first step in the treatment of inflatable bowl disease. These medicines reduce swelling of the digestive tract. However, they have many side effects. So, consult a doctor before taking any medication.
- Surgery: Occasionally surgery may be necessary for people with inflammatory bowel disease. Such as surgery to remove cancers, to remove the affected parts of intestines for people suffering from Crohn’s disease etc.
There is no way to stop inflammatory bowel disease. However, you can do to reduce the risk of its development. You can have healthy food, do regular exercise, do not smoke and follow your doctor or proper medication.