What is Lipid Profile?
Medical Definition of Lipid profile – A pattern of lipids inside the blood. A lipid profile usually includes the levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and the calculated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ‘cholesterol.
Cholesterol and triglycerides are important in certain quantities for fitness and well-being, since they perform important functions inside the body. Cholesterol is needed to help build cells and manufacture hormones. LDL carries cholesterol throughout the body to carry out those functions. HDL is the clean-up lipoprotein, picking up extra cholesterol and carrying it back to the liver. Triglycerides are utilized by the body to store energy and to provide that energy, as needed, to the muscles.
Lipid profile or lipid panel is the collective term given to the estimation of, typically, overall cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. An extended lipid profile may consist of very low-density lipoprotein. That is used to identify hyperlipidemia (various disturbances of cholesterol and triglyceride levels), many forms of which can be recognized risk factors for cardiovascular disease and sometimes pancreatitis.
Another name for lipid profile is:-
- Coronary Risk Panel Tests
- Hyperlipidemia– Testing
- Lipoprotein/Cholesterol Analysis
When is lipid Profile test done?
All men aged over 45 years and all women aged over 55 years should have their lipids checked at least once every 10 years. People of Māori, Pacific or Indo-Asian ethnicity should start having their lipids checked 10 years earlier than this. Some people will have their lipids checked more frequently because, for example, they are on lipid-lowering medicine, have diabetes or have other reasons that mean they will benefit from more regular checking.
Lipid disorder is a major risk factor for the progression of coronary artery disease. Age alone is a significant predictor of CVD risk in men and women. Before menopause, women have a much lower risk for cardiovascular events compared with men of their age. Reasons for protection from CVD in premenopausal women are complex, but a significant contribution can be assigned to the greater high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in younger women, which is an effect of estrogen.
What exactly is a lipid profile test?
A lipid profile is a panel of blood tests that serves as an initial broad medical screening tool for abnormalities in lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides. Considered an accurate indicator of your heart health, this blood test measures the total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL levels. The LDL and triglycerides should ideally be < 130 and HDL > 60. Testing once in 2 years is recommended for people with normal readings. In case of obese patients and people with heart disease and/or diabetes, an annual testing may be recommended.
The lipid profile typically includes:-
- Cholesterol – Cholesterol is found in every cell of the body and has important natural functions.
- Triglycerides – Triglycerides are chemical compounds digested by the body to provide it with the energy for metabolism.
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) – A molecule that is a combination of lipid (fat) and protein. Lipoproteins are the form in which lipids are transported in the blood.
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) – These lipoproteins are often referred to as HDL, or “good,” cholesterol. They act as cholesterol scavengers, picking up excess cholesterol in your blood and taking it back to your liver where it’s broken down. The higher your HDL level, the less “bad” cholesterol you’ll have in your blood.
- VLDL – Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol is produced in the liver and released into the bloodstream to supply body tissues with a type of fat (triglycerides).
- Cholesterol / HDL Ratio – Your cholesterol ratio is calculated by dividing your total cholesterol by your HDL number. For instance, if you’re total cholesterol is 180 and your HDL is 82, your cholesterol ratio is 2.2.
What are the reasons to have test before age 50?
Good heart health is like a building block: It’s cumulative. The earlier you start making healthy lifestyle choices, the better off you will be as you get older. This is particularly true when it comes to high cholesterol. Age alone is an individual risk factor of CVD in men and women.
The risk of CVD increases exponentially for women as they 9, 10 enter menopause and estrogen levels decline. This becomes vitally important for women in menopausal transition when preventive measures can significantly improve both the quality and the number of their lives. Women in younger age group, have a much lower risk for cardiovascular events compared with men of their age. Things you cannot do anything about also can affect cholesterol levels.
These include: –
Age and Gender – As women and men get older, their cholesterol levels rise. Before the age of menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age. After the age of menopause, women’s LDL levels tend to rise. Heredity – Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol can run in families. Screening tests can catch a health condition even before it starts showing symptoms, helping you take preventive measures. You must go to your healthcare company for Lipid Profile test earlier than 50, even if you sense wholesome.
The 5 most important reasons to have tested before age 50:-
- Screen for medical issues or to know your lipid disorder
- Examine your risk for future medical issues
- Inspire a healthy lifestyle
- Update vaccinations, precautions
- Help you get to know your provider in case of an illness
Doctors use different guidelines to decide when a person needs to have a cholesterol test. Your doctor might suggest a test based totally on your age or your risk factors for heart disease. Screening tests can catch a health condition even before it starts showing symptoms, helping you take preventive measures. although, remember the fact that all lab reports need to be reviewed by a trained physician as, what may be normal for one person may not be for any other– depending on their overall health condition. Some health organizations recommend that everybody ages 20 to 79 be checked every 4 to 6 years for the risk of heart attack and stroke. So it’s really important to have lipid test before 50.