Overview of the kidney stone
Kidney stones occur due to the accumulation of various salt and minerals in the urinary system. It mainly consists of calcium or oxalate salts. They can be small or large in size depending upon the amount of accumulation which might have occurred. Lack of hydration or excessive protein-rich diet might lead to excessive salt and mineral state in the body. If not eliminated by the body they form stones in the system. Very fine to small sized kidney stones might remain in the urinary system without causing any prominent symptoms.
Stones which remain in the dormant condition in the urinary system without causing any infection making it hard to identify until any symptom appears. Such small stones might even pass out from the urinary system without any pain. On the contrary medium to large sized stones can cause symptoms which can lead to their detection in the urinary system. Large stones mainly cause pain which is hard to neglect and patiently seeks for physician’s advice. Large stones usually require medications along with a surgical procedure. Small stones might lead to pain only when they tend to move and reach ureter pathway and bruise a little inside the lining of the ureter. It can be treated with various medications. Also following recommended diet and drinking ample amount of fluids can decrease the risk of kidney stones in future.
Following are the 10 signs and symptoms of kidney stones:
Pain in the lower side region, back and belly region
Kidney stones are the very painful condition. This kind of pain is also termed as renal colic pain and is considered the worst of all pains. People who experience it usually tend to explain it as worsen at all times which they don’t wish to even imagine it leave apart experiencing through it again. People even compare this type of pain with the ones being experienced by the mothers during childbirth or being stabbed by a knife.
The pain is so much intensity in its nature and that much severe for which any person can have endless visits to an emergency room every year. Normally the pain initiates when a stone moves inside the narrow tube of the ureter, wherever it is present. It basically causes a blockage, which builds up a pressure in the kidney. Such pressure triggers the nerve fibers which transmit signals of pain to the brain.
Kidney stone pain usually begins all of a sudden.
As the stone inside moves, the pain severity changes along with its location and its intensity also varies. Pain comes and goes in the form of waves it further worsens up with the contractions of the ureter in order to lead an involuntary push for the stone let it out. These pain waves may last for few minutes and the go away and then suddenly be back again. This pain is felt usually along the side and back usually below the ribs. Pain might even radiate to the belly region or groin area. Large stones cause more pain than the smaller ones however the severity of pain can neither be linked to size nor be quantified in any way in both cases.
Burning sensation or pain during urination or micturition
Once the kidney stone reaches anywhere between the ureter and bladder, the sensation of pain will be felt while urinating. It might obstruct the path of urine inside leading to pain. It is known as dysuria. The feeling of sharp or burning pain is felt. It can also be mistaken for any other urinary tract infection since this symptom occurs in all UTIs. However, if this symptom is accompanied along with any more of kidney stone symptoms then it becomes an evident trace of stones in the body.
Urine urgency or urgent need to go to the washroom
Needing to visit the washroom more frequently than usual is another sign of kidney stone presence in the lower part of the urinary tract. It might be like running to washroom the entire day as there exists a constant urge to urinate even during the night. Which even cause sleep disturbances as a need to urinate will make person awake with a fear to lose self-control and lead to bedwetting, although it won’t happen. Again severe urgency also exists in some UTIs as well but in kidney stones exists irrespective of UTI infection even if it is not there.
- Blood, seen in the urine
People who experience urinary tract stones usually observe blood in their urine as a common symptom. It is also termed as hematuria. The urine might take up reddish, pinkish, or typical brownish color due to the presence of blood in it. Sometimes in microscopic hematuria, the blood cells, way too small, seen without using a microscope. However, test for this symptom is readily available, recommended by the physician. Symptoms like difficulty in urinating, the urgency to urinate, penile pain, or pain in testicles are also, accompanied by bloody urine.
- Urine appears to be different being little cloudy and with bad odor
Normal urine is clear with no specific bad odor. But in the condition of kidney stones, urine becomes cloudy and is accompanied by a very foul or pungent kind of smell. It is an evident sign of infection in kidneys or somewhere in the urinary system. Further cloudiness of urine indicates pus presence also termed as pyuria and foul smell could be either due to the bacterial infection presence or concentrated urine. Presence of any type of bacterial infection, identified through a urine test and can be respectively, treated.
- Passing small amount of urine at one time and need for frequent washroom visits
Large sized kidney stones might sometimes block the ureter path. It can further slow up or entirely stop the flow of urine. In case of large blockage, only very little amount of urine goes out in one go. In case urine flow stops completely then there is an immediate need to seek emergency help from the physician. Else bladder might keep on expanding being full of urine which causes discomfort and pain with an urge to pass urine.
- Passing very fine size stones in the urine
Small sized kidney stones, pass through the ureter and show up in urine which — seen with, naked eye. Their presence in urine clearly indicates kidney stones. The body at times, itself removes smaller size stone via urine. However, the presence of any large ones still inside the kidney might require further intervention and treatment.
- Gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea and vomiting and being sick to the stomach
People with kidney stones usually experience nausea accompanied by vomiting as well. These symptoms occur only because of shared nerve connectivity among the kidneys and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Stones usually tend to trigger the nerves in the GI tract hence leading to a sick stomach or upset stomach. It is also another reflux of body towards intense pain.
- Fever accompanied by chills
Fever and chills are the main signs of an infection, treat the kidney stone like a foreign substance or an infection to avoid the body’s reflex against it. Stone can be present in any part of kidney or in another part of the urinary tract. Also, if the infection is present anywhere along the urinary tract around the stones, then some bruising along with fever and chills will surely exist. Fever can turn out to be a serious problem or complication in case of kidney stone. Other cause, Underlying infection beside just stones. It is important to take proper care of any fever and treat well with a concern of your healthcare physician to understand the main cause. Or the condition will turn into worse. Shivering or chills are very normal to with fever.
- Severe to normal sweating
Sweating might occur as a result of extreme pain or even after taking any antipyretic medication for fever. However, sweating along with extreme levels of pain is very normal.
When to see a physician for kidney stones?
After observing few or all of the above-mentioned symptoms a person must seek for the advice of the physician for further intervention. It becomes very important to treat this kidney condition in a right way to avoid any future complications. Today intervention and treatment of the disease has become a lot easier with the availability of various mobile applications. It is very easy to apply for a lab tests these days, even there are many apps and websites like Klinicapp from where getting physicians appointment is quick and handy. Hence, one should not take these symptoms lightly and go for a doctors concern.