ANA-Anti Nuclear Antibody test

Rs 500
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Know more about ANA-Anti Nuclear Antibody test

Your doctor will order an ANA panel if you show signs of an autoimmune disorder. An ANA test can indicate that you have some type of autoimmune condition, but it can’t diagnose you with a specific disorder. If your test comes back positive, your doctor will need to do more specific and detailed testing to determine which autoimmune disease is causing your symptoms.

Often, the first symptoms are fatigue, muscle aches and a low fever. The classic sign of an autoimmune disease is inflammation, which can cause redness, heat, pain and swelling. The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when symptoms get better or disappear

A negative test means that an active autoimmune disease is unlikely. 

 

A positive ANA test means that you have high levels of ANA in your blood. However, this doesn’t mean that you have an autoimmune disease. Up to 15 percent of completely healthy people have a positive ANA test. This is called a “false-positive” test result. 

 

A positive ANA test alone can’t diagnose a specific disease. However, some conditions that are associated with a positive ANA test include: 

 

systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus): an autoimmune disorder that can affect different parts of your body, including the heart, digestive tract, and skin

chronic liver disease (cirrhosis): scarring of the liver, which is most commonly caused by alcohol abuse and viral infections

rheumatoid arthritis: an autoimmune disorder that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints

Sjögren syndrome: an autoimmune disorder that affects the salivary and lacrimal glands, which produce saliva and tears

scleroderma: an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the skin and other connective tissues

thyroid disease: a range of conditions can affect your thyroid, including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism

temporal arteritis: a disorder, likely caused by an autoimmune response, in which the arteries supplying blood to the head and brain become damaged

Blood tests are normally well-tolerated. Some people have smaller or larger veins, which may make taking a blood sample more difficult. However, risks associated with blood tests like the ACTH hormone test are rare. Uncommon risks of having blood drawn include: excessive bleeding lightheadedness or fainting hematoma, or blood pooling under the skin infection at the site

Examples include thyroid supplements, vitamins such as B12, or insulin injections. If the autoimmune disorder affects the blood, you may need blood transfusions. People with autoimmune disorders that affect the bones, joints, or muscles may need help with movement or other functions.

Test Method 1 : The ANA panel is similar to other blood tests. A phlebotomist will tie an elastic band around your upper arm so your veins swell with blood. This makes it easier for them to find a vein. After cleaning the site with an antiseptic, they’ll insert a needle into a vein. You might feel some moderate pain when the needle goes in, but the test itself isn’t painful. Blood is then collected in a tube attached to the needle. Once the blood is collected, the phlebotomist will remove the needle from your vein and cover the puncture site. 

In infants or children, a lancet (small scalpel) may be used to puncture the skin, and blood may be collected in a small tube called a pipette. It may also be collected on a test strip. 

The blood is then sent to a lab for examination. 

Report available : The TAT for this test is around 24 hours.

A person with the following symptoms should get this test done. Often, the first symptoms are fatigue, muscle aches and a low fever. The classic sign of an autoimmune disease is inflammation, which can cause redness, heat, pain and swelling. The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when symptoms get better or disappear